Matthew weaves a subtle thread through his crucifixion account. While all the Gospel writers detail Judas’ betrayal of Jesus, only Matthew records what happened to Judas afterward (Mt 27.3-5; cf. Acts 1.18f.). He does so in such a way to compare and contrast Judas with Peter: two deniers of Jesus. And in contrasting these two betrayers, Matthew magnifies the sovereignty and grace of Jesus to secure his own even despite their failings.
Satan tried every tactic to take Jesus down. He even infiltrated the apostolic ranks and hijacked both men.
Wanting nothing to do with a dead Messiah, Peter rebuked Jesus for talking crazy (Mt 16.22). Wanting nothing to do with a mouthy disciple, Jesus snapped around telling Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are stumbling block to me; for you are not setting your mind on God’s interests, but man’s.” (v23). The “rock” on which Jesus would build his church (v18) was first a satanic stumbling block in the way.
A strident Peter felt confident he was on the rise in the administration. After Passover, he assured Jesus he had his back no matter what (Lk 22.33). A sympathetic Jesus assured Peter, “Simon, Simon, Satan has demanded to sift you like wheat” (Lk 22.31). He will deny Jesus three times by sunup. It was Job all over again. Jesus was letting Satan have a go at him.
While Jesus was being spit on, punched and convicted on trumped up charges, the “rock” was crumbling (Mt 27.69-75). Peter denied Jesus at every turn until finally he “began to curse and swear” (v74), “Look, dammit, I don’t *&^%# know this @%#^$ Jesus!” The rooster crowed. It was sunup.
All the while, unbeknownst to Judas he was in Satan’s hip pocket all along. Jesus was not fooled. He knew from the beginning of his ministry one of his chosen twelve was a devil (Jn 6.70). If Satan couldn’t get Jesus in the open wilderness he would mount a sneak attack through his friends. At the same Passover, where Satan salivated over Peter, he also “entered into Judas” (Lk 22.3) . . . “the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Him (Jn 13.2).
After the rooster crowed, Peter “went out and wept bitterly” (Mt 26.75). Immediately, Matthew turned to Judas. He was an accomplice to Jesus’ murder. He “felt remorse” and gave a refund to the conspiratorial priests (Mt 27.3). They wouldn’t be lectured by some low-life snitch so they refused the money. Judas chunked the money anyway and “went away and hanged himself” (v5).
Matthew’s literary genius is evident. Two disciples. Both conscripted by Satan. Both betray Jesus. Both felt the full measure of their guilt. Both were remorseful. Only one was saved. Why?
Because Jesus interceded and protected Peter and not Judas. Having promised Peter he would go toe-to-toe with Satan, he also promised:
“. . . but I have prayed for you, that your faith may not fail; and you, when once you have turned again, strengthen your brothers” (Lk 22.32).
Though an outright denier of Jesus, Peter would ultimately be safe because:
“While I was with them, I was keeping them in your name which you have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled” (Jn 17.12).
Jesus interceded for and guarded prideful Peter. He left perditious Judas to be destroyed. Jesus let Satan’s leash out on Peter, but he unleashed Satan on Judas.
So, what did the two men do with their guilt? They did not assume themselves less guilty. What did they do with their remorse? The one whom Jesus guarded eventually runs to Christ with his guilt (Jn 21.15-17). The other assumed the guilt and hung himself.
Peter was preserved by Christ’s promise of forgiveness and restoration. Judas was destroyed by Christ’s promise of judgment on all those who refuse his mercy, assuming they can atone for their sin by giving a refund.
What about you, friend? Why are you a Christian? It is because Jesus has prayed for you (Heb 7.25). He secures all the Father has given him (Jn 6.35-40). He has a death grip (literally) on you (Jn 10.27-29).
How do you know you are a Christian? Christ’s voice drowns out the rooster’s crow (Jn 10.4, 27). And after weeping bitterly over your sin, you run to the very One you’ve betrayed. He forgives you. He restores you. He strengthens you and you strengthen your brothers.
“Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time” (1 Pt 1.3-5).
Protected by the power of God through faith. Peter would certainly know something about that.